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Causes, Signs and Symptoms and Treatment Options For Bruxism?

The condition of clenching or grinding your upper teeth with your low teeth is referred to as bruxism. You may have the habit of grinding your teeth while sleeping or eating or subconsciously when you are doing any activity and also at night when you are sleeping. When you are awake, you can control this habit of yours. However, when you are sleeping you may not be able to control it. Bruxism is considered to be one of the common sleep disorders that can happen to anyone.

Causes of Bruxism

Bruxism is a reflex activity and such kind of activity only occurs when there is a stimulus. In many cases, day-to-day stress was found to be the stimulus. Improperly aligned teeth, your posture, the kind of foods you eat, and your sleeping habits can be some of the factors that can cause you to clench or grind your teeth. The cause can vary from one person to the other.

Signs of Bruxism

Most people may not realize that they are grinding their teeth many times throughout the day and also while sleeping. Only a meager percent of people suffer from such prominent signs like pain in their jaw and headache. Bruxism can also lead to wearing away of the surface of the teeth and fractures.

Symptoms of Bruxism

Stress, nervousness, depression, ear pain, headache, eating disorders, sleeplessness, toothache, teeth sensitiveness, and painful jaw are some of the symptoms you can experience when you grind your teeth.


There can be several other issues that may show the symptoms like pain in your jaw or ear. However, when you visit an orthodontist, he will let you know your exact dental problem. After bruxism is confirmed, your orthodontist will help you with the right treatment.


If you come to realize that you are having bruxism, you should take measures that will prevent your teeth from getting damaged. Applying ice on jaw muscles that have become sore, consuming lots of water, getting adequate sleep, preventing yourself from eating hard food items like nuts, keeping your jaw muscles relaxed, and staying away from getting stressed are some of the things you can do to reduce bruxism.

Many may not consider bruxism as a serious health problem. However, if you do not act soon, bruxism can lead to permanent damage to your teeth and jaw. Hence, it is always advisable to consult with your orthodontist. Your orthodontist may ask you to wear splints which will prevent your upper teeth and lower teeth to cause abrasion to each other. Botox is also a well-known treatment procedure for treating bruxism. Your orthodontist will partially paralyze your jaw muscles and then inject dilute shots of Botox.