Today's date of is a good time to learn about Spinal Meningitis, possible cures and treatment options, spinal-meningitis prevention and disease causes, spinal meningitis symptoms and its health impact.

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About MS Disease

In the USA there are more than 500,000 people diagnosed with MS. Unfortunately, there's no pill type of easy and effective treatment for this chronic disease. But MS treatment and Meds may change soon because a promising oral medication is in the drug development pipeline, according to a recent study in The New England Journal of Medicine.

Although there are injectable treatments for those with MS, most MS drugs increase the risk of skin reactions and serious infections, so a pill-based form of medication is most welcome. An international group of researchers gave different doses of the experimental drug Fingolimod to 255 patients suffering from relapsing MS, a specific form of the disease most MS patients commence with.

Multiple Sclerosis (also known as MS) is considered an autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system attacks itself, attacking some protective tissues in the brain, and creates scar tissue. There are four types of MS: relapsing-remitting, primary-progressive, secondary-progressive and progressive-relapsing meningitis.

Recently, medical investigators tracked MS patients' progress over the course of the medical study with MRI scans and doctor evaluations. Six months after the study began, the number of brain lesions - areas of the brain damaged by the disease - reduced significantly in most patients, and the majority of the patients experienced a 50 percent drop in relapses.

So does Fingolimod work better than injections? Not necessarily. Most injectable drugs also reduce brain lesions and can reduce MS attacks by 28 percent to 66 percent, according to clinical trials.

But Multiple Sclerosis is an unpredictable disease can change month-to-month or day-to-day, and Multiple Sclerosis drugs which may work for a patient one day may not stay working for the same patient after a while. So, MS researchers were pleased to find some patients who continued to take Fingolimod continued to respond well to he medication, even over a year after the multiple sclerosis MS study started.

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Exactly What is Spinal Meningitis?
How Dangerous Is Meningitis Disease?

Spinal Meningitis is a serious infection causing inflammation of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. Non-bacterial meningitis is also referred to as "Aseptic Meningitis." Bacterial Meningitis is quite serious and can be a medical emergency, which may possibly result in disability, amputations or even worse! Viral Meningitis is more common and a less-severe form of Spinal-Meningitis and can normally (but not always) resolve successfully (without side-effects), medical treatment or medications necessary.

Meningitis Causes, Incidence and Risk Factors

The most common causes of spinal-meningitis Doctors examining masked patient xrays are viral infections which typically resolve without treatment. However, bacterial infections of the meninges are extremely serious illnesses, and may result in death or brain damage, even if treated. Meningitis is also transmitted or caused by fungi, mosquitoes, chemical irritation, drug allergies and tumors (i.e. cancer).

Types of Spinal Meningitis include these:

Viral Meningitis is milder and far more common vs significantly more serious bacterial meningitis. Meningitis usually develops in the late summer and early fall, often affects children and adults under age 30. About 2/3 of infections occur in children under the age of 5. Most Viral Meningitis is associated with enteroviruses, which are viruses commonly resulting in intestinal illness.

However, many other types of viruses can also cause meningitis. For example, Viral Meningitis may occur as a complication in people with genital herpes. Recently, West-Nile virus spread by mosquito bites Mosquitoes a.k.a. mosquitos are common causes of spinal meningitis has become a cause of Viral Meningitis in most of the United States. In addition to causing Viral Meningitis, the West Nile virus may cause Encephalitis in some Meningitis patients and a polio-like syndrome in others.

Spinal Meningitis Symptoms

Additional Symptoms of Spinal Meningitis sometimes associated with the disease:

Spinal Meningitis Signs & Testing

Treatment of Spinal Meningitis

Antibiotic medications are prescribed for bacterial meningitis, also known as aseptic meningitis); the type of prescribed meds varies depending on the infecting causes. However, antibiotics are not effective for treating Viral Meningitis. Treatment of secondary symptoms including brain swelling, shock, and seizures will require other medications and intravenous fluids. Hospitalization may be required depending on its severity and treatment options needed.

Expectations and Outlook for "Spinal Meningitis"

Early diagnosis and treatment Doctor examining child of bacterial meningitis is essential to prevent permanent neurological or possible spinal damage. Viral Meningitis is typically not as serious a disease as Bacterial Meningitis can be and its symptoms should fade away in about 2-weeks, without serious side-effects or complications.

Complications of Spinal Meningitis

Contacting your Healthcare Provider

If you feel like you or your child have Meningitis symptoms which may be meningitis disease, you should definately get emergency medical help immediately. Early treatment of Spinal Meningitis is key to recovery and a good outcome, without serious side-effects.

Prevention of Spinal Meningitis

Haemophilus vaccine (HiB vaccine) in children will help prevent one type of meningitis.

The pneumococcal conjugate vaccine is now a routine childhood immunization and is very effective at preventing Pneumococcal Meningitis.

It's highly recommended household contacts and people with close contact with individuals with meningococcal meningitis receive preventative antibiotics to avoid becoming infected themselves.

Some communities and medical providers promote meningitis shot vaccination campaigns following an area outbreak of meningococcal meningitis. Military recruits are routinely vaccinated against spinal meningitis because of its high rate of occurrence.

The American Academy of Pediatrics and American College Health Association encourage college students (particularly freshmen living in dorms) to be vaccinated with a meningitis shot.

Late-breaking health news: Walgreen's and other drug stores now offer low-cost Meningitis Shots, often with no appointments needed.

A Health Tip and Way to Deal with the Threat of Getting Spinal Meningitis

With the summer and fall seasons, an increasing threat of Spinal Meningitis raises its ugly head in search for victims, its prey are often children under-5 and adults under-30. Good health advice for you (to not get Meningitis) is to protect against, or avoid mosquitoes! The flying insect pest is more active with warm weather. Mosquito bites are a common cause of spinal meningitis, which leads to inflammation of the brain membranes and spinal cord. By the way, spinal-meningitis impacts both the brain and spine at the same time.

Other Spinal Meningitis Causes

"Purulent Meningitis" refers to the infection caused by bacteria. ‘Aseptic meningitis’ is a nonbacterial meningitis - caused by virus, fungi, chemicals or tumors.

Spinal Meningitis Symptoms

The symptoms of both bacterial and non-bacterial "spinal meningitis symptoms" are quite similar. The commencement of meningitis disease is typically preceeded by chronic headaches, fever and chills, severe stiff neck, sensitivity to light, vomiting, loss of appetite, and sweating.

Bacterial Meningitis may show some extra symptoms like mental status or alertness changes, eary stage dementia, agitation, skin rashes, eye twitching and protruding soft-skull areas seen in babies.

Meningitis Disease Diagnosis

If you experience these meningitis symptoms seek medical attention right away, including making a visit to your area hospital emergency room or local immediate care clinic. Treatment and diagnosis delays can cause incurable secondary defects such as blindness, deafness, amputations and brain damage and can be life-threatening.

Common meningitis disease diagnostic tools the doctor uses for spinal meningitis include a Lumbar Puncture to inspect cerebro-spinal fluid, bacterial culture, chest xrays and a CT (cat) scan of the brain to find meningitis disease damage areas.

Medical Treatment of Spinal-Meningitis

Bacterial Meningitis is treated with antibiotics administered orally at first and then intravenously. The earlier meningitis-disease is detected and treated the better will be the results. Although less often seen, Bacterial Meningitis is much more serious vs Viral Meningitis. Antibiotics can not cure Viral Meningitis. The disease usually resolves on its own. Secondary effects can be treated with IV fluids.

Natural Treatment of Spinal Meningitis

Golden-Seal is a natural tonic which can strengthen spinal nerves and possibly prevent recurrence of "spinalmeningitis" disease. Black-Cohosh may also be a good natural treatment for spinal meningitis but it's not avisable for women who are pregnant. Both these medicines should be taken for short time periods only.

Of course, disease prevention is much preferred and better compared to disease treatment and cures. Thanks to drugs and modern vaccines like the recently popular "Meningitis Shot" (now readily available at Walgreen s Drug Stores), Meningococcal vaccine and Pneumococcal shots can usually prevent the disease onset of some types of Spinal Meningitis.

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